Armenia is most militarized country in Europe and the third worldwide, according to the Global Militarization Index (GMI) 2018 released by the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC).
The study says Israel, Singapore, Armenia, Cyprus, South Korea, Russia, Greece, Jordan, Brunei and Belarus are the top 10 worldwide. These countries allocate particularly high levels of resources to the military in comparison to other areas of society.
“Despite a ceasefire having been negotiated following the bloody escalation of violence in April 2016, there have been exchanges of fire and one Azerbaijani drone attack in the Caucasus region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the past two years. As a result of the ongoing tension in this area, Armenia (position 3) and Azerbaijan (position 12) continued to invest an excessive amount of resources in their armed forces,” the report reads.
Global Militarization Index (GMI) presents on an annual basis the relative weight and importance of a country's military apparatus in relation to its society as a whole.
The GMI 2018 covers 155 countries and is based on the latest available figures (in most cases data for 2017). The index project is financially supported by Germany's Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.
It contrasts the total number of military and paramilitary forces in a country with the number of physicians. Finally, it studies the number of heavy weapons available to a country’s armed forces.
These and other indicators are used to determine a country’s ranking, which in turn makes it possible to measure the respective level of militarization in comparison to other countries.